Pentathlon –Ports of Stockholm, Helsinki, Tallinn, Turku and Naantali – together

Thematic cluster:
Vigorous sea
Central Baltic Programme
2. Economically competitive and innovative region
Direction of support:
Improving internal and external accessibility
Jan 2011 - Aug 2013 (2 years, 8 months)
Total funding:
628 791 €
ERDF funding:
489 456 €
EUSBSR Priority area
Improving internal and external transport links

Development idea

The ports of Stockholm, Tallinn, Helsinki, Naantali and Turku play key roles in the accessibility of the Central Baltic Region. Effective, competitive, eco-friendly and safe port procedures and sea transportation solutions between the five cities exert a major influence on trade between the port regions and between the three countries. On a wider international scale, the connections between these ports serve as the main gateways in international trade.

Aim of the project

The PENTA project explored the alternatives of how the five Central Baltic ports can together face and better comprehend the challenges of today and the future.

Main project activities

By developing cargo and passenger flows development scenarios, the partners have been able to create a shared vision about the likely development of cargo and passenger transportation. The project also identified ongoing and forthcoming legislative measures as well as trends set to affect port procedures and the regulative framework. Finally, the ports exchanged information on current port practices and created harmonious future practices specifically related to safety and security procedures, environmental practices and management, and other administrative procedures in ports.


University of Turku, Centre for Maritime Studies

ERDF funding:
224 991 €
Amount of eligible national funding:
75 000 €

TFK Transport Reseach Institute

ERDF funding:
112 400 €
Amount of eligible national funding:
37 500 €

Estonian Maritime Academy

ERDF funding:
152 065 €
Amount of eligible national funding:
26 835 €


Research report: Drivers of demand in cargo and passenger traffic between PENTA ports

The report points out key factors driving the demand for cargo and passenger traffic in each PENTA port.

The results show that the companies operating the sea routes between these ports have developed different profiles. However, the unifying factor and strength for all of them is RoRo-traffic.

Drivers of demand in cargo and passenger traffic between PENTA ports ENG

Research report: Scenario-based traffic forecasts for routes between the PENTA ports in 2020

The report focuses on future expectations regarding liner transport flows between the PENTA ports.

Three scenario-based traffic forecasts up to the year 2020 for routes between PENTA ports are presented. The chosen methodology for the analysis is PESTE, in which the main emphasis is laid on economic factors affecting future traffic flows. In addition, the futures table method was utilised in the creation of the scenarios.

Scenario-based traffic forecasts for routes between the PENTA ports in 2020 ENG

Research report: Noise as an environmental challenge for ports

The report handles the issues related to the noise problems faced in the ports as well as offers recommendations how to handle the problem.

The main challenges of port noise are presented and the most common noise sources in the port environment are presented. Ways for reducing noise in ports are listed.

Noise as an environmental challenge for ports ENG

Two scientific reports about port administration, safety and security

The reports illustrate how different admistrative, security and safety procedures and legistlation effect on ports activities and economy.

"Analysis of barriers caused by administrative, security and safety procedures in Pentathlon" and "Analysis of influence of coming requirements of security, safety and administrative procedures in Pentathlon" ENG